A high performance and portable all-Mach regime flow solver code with well-balanced gravity. Application to compressible convection

21 Mar 2019  ·  Padioleau T., Tremblin P., Audit E., Kestener P., Kokh S. ·

Convection is an important physical process in astrophysics well-studied using numerical simulations under the Boussinesq and/or anelastic approximations. However these approaches reach their limits when compressible effects are important in the high Mach flow regime, e.g. in stellar atmospheres or in the presence of accretion shocks... In order to tackle these issues, we propose a new high performance and portable code, called "ARK" with a numerical solver well-suited for the stratified compressible Navier-Stokes equations. We take a finite volume approach with machine precision conservation of mass, transverse momentum and total energy. Based on previous works in applied mathematics we propose the use of a low Mach correction to achieve a good precision in both low and high Mach regimes. The gravity source term is discretized using a well-balanced scheme in order to reach machine precision hydrostatic balance. This new solver is implemented using the Kokkos library in order to achieve high performance computing and portability across different architectures (e.g. multi-core, many-core, and GP-GPU). We show that the low-Mach correction allows to reach the low-Mach regime with a much better accuracy than a standard Godunov-type approach. The combined well-balanced property and the low-Mach correction allowed us to trigger Rayleigh-B\'enard convective modes close to the critical Rayleigh number. Furthermore we present 3D turbulent Rayleigh-B\'enard convection with low diffusion using the low-Mach correction leading to a higher kinetic energy power spectrum. These results are very promising for future studies of high Mach and highly stratified convective problems in astrophysics. read more

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Computational Physics Earth and Planetary Astrophysics Solar and Stellar Astrophysics