Additive bounds of minimum output entropies for unital channels and an exact qubit formula

23 Feb 2015  ·  Fukuda Motohisa, Gour Gilad ·

We investigate minimum output (R\'enyi) entropy of qubit channels and unital quantum channels. We obtain an exact formula for the minimum output entropy of qubit channels, and bounds for unital quantum channels... Interestingly, our bounds depend only on the operator norm of the matrix representation of the channels on the space of trace-less Hermitian operators. Moreover, since these bounds respect tensor products, we get bounds for the capacity of unital quantum channels, which is saturated by the Werner-Holevo channel. Furthermore, we construct an orthonormal basis, besides the Gell-Mann basis, for the space of trace-less Hermitian operators by using discrete Weyl operators. We apply our bounds to discrete Weyl covariant channels with this basis, and find new examples in which the minimum output R\'enyi $2$-entropy is additive. read more

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Quantum Physics Mathematical Physics Mathematical Physics