Axisymmetric flow due to a Stokeslet near a finite-sized elastic membrane

11 Apr 2019  ·  Daddi-Moussa-Ider Abdallah, Kaoui Badr, Löwen Hartmut ·

Elastic confinements play an important role in many soft matter systems and affect the transport properties of suspended particles in viscous flow. On the basis of low-Reynolds-number hydrodynamics, we present an analytical theory of the axisymmetric flow induced by a point-force singularity (Stokeslet) directed along the symmetry axis of a finite-sized circular elastic membrane endowed with resistance toward shear and bending... The solution for the viscous incompressible flow surrounding the membrane is formulated as a mixed boundary value problem, which is then reduced into a system of dual integral equations on the inner and outer sides of the domain boundary. We show that the solution of the elastohydrodynamic problem can conveniently be expressed in terms of a set of inhomogeneous Fredholm integral equations of the second kind with logarithmic kernel. Basing on the hydrodynamic flow field, we obtain semi-analytical expressions of the hydrodynamic mobility function for the translational motion perpendicular to a circular membrane. The results are valid to leading-order in the ratio of particle radius to the distance separating the particle from the membrane. In the quasi-steady limit, we find that the particle mobility near a finite-sized membrane is always larger than that predicted near a no-slip disk of the same size. We further show that the bending-related contribution to the hydrodynamic mobility increases monotonically upon decreasing the membrane size, whereas the shear-related contribution displays a minimum value when the particle-membrane distance is equal to the membrane radius. Accordingly, the system behavior may be shear or bending dominated, depending on the geometric and elastic properties of the system. Our results may find applications in the field of nanoparticle-based sensing and drug delivery systems near elastic cell membranes. read more

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Fluid Dynamics Soft Condensed Matter Biological Physics