Calibration of the liquid argon ionization response to low energy electronic and nuclear recoils with DarkSide-50

16 Jul 2021  ·  The DarkSide collaboration, P. Agnes, I. F. M. Albuquerque, T. Alexander, A. K. Alton, M. Ave, H. O. Back, G. Batignani, K. Biery, V. Bocci, W. M. Bonivento, B. Bottino, S. Bussino, M. Cadeddu, M. Cadoni, F. Calaprice, A. Caminata, N. Canci, M. Caravati, M. Cariello, M. Carlini, M. Carpinelli, S. Catalanotti, V. Cataudella, P. Cavalcante, S. Cavuoti, A. Chepurnov, C. Cicalò, A. G. Cocco, G. Covone, D. D'Angelo, S. Davini, A. De Candia, S. De Cecco, G. De Filippis, G. De Rosa, A. V. Derbin, A. Devoto, M. D'Incecco, C. Dionisi, F. Dordei, M. Downing, D. D'Urso, G. Fiorillo, D. Franco, F. Gabriele, C. Galbiati, C. Ghiano, C. Giganti, G. K. Giovanetti, O. Gorchakov, A. M. Goretti, A. Grobov, M. Gromov, M. Guan, Y. Guardincerri, M. Gulino, B. R. Hackett, K. Herner, B. Hosseini, F. Hubaut, E. V. Hungerford, An. Ianni, V. Ippolito, K. Keeter, C. L. Kendziora, I. Kochanek, D. Korablev, G. Korga, A. Kubankin, M. Kuss, M. La Commara, M. Lai, X. Li, M. Lissia, G. Longo, I. N. Machulin, L. P. Mapelli, S. M. Mari, J. Maricic, C. J. Martoff, A. Messina, P. D. Meyers, R. Milincic, M. Morrocchi, X. Mougeot, V. N. Muratova, P. Musico, A. Navrer Agasson, A. O. Nozdrina, A. Oleinik, F. Ortica, L. Pagani, M. Pallavicini, L. Pandola, E. Pantic, E. Paoloni, K. Pelczar, N. Pelliccia, E. Picciau, A. Pocar, S. Pordes, S. S. Poudel, P. Pralavorio, F. Ragusa, M. Razeti, A. Razeto, A. L. Renshaw, M. Rescigno, J. Rode, A. Romani, D. Sablone, O. Samoylov, W. Sands, S. Sanfilippo, C. Savarese, B. Schlitzer, D. A. Semenov, A. Shchagin, A. Sheshukov, M. D. Skorokhvatov, O. Smirnov, A. Sotnikov, S. Stracka, Y. Suvorov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, A. Tonazzo, E. V. Unzhakov, A. Vishneva, R. B. Vogelaar, M. Wada, H. Wang, Y. Wang, S. Westerdale, M. M. Wojcik, X. Xiao, C. Yang, G. Zuzel ·

DarkSide-50 has demonstrated the high potential of dual-phase liquid argon time projection chambers in exploring interactions of WIMPs in the GeV/c$^2$ mass range. The technique, based on the detection of the ionization signal amplified via electroluminescence in the gas phase, allows to explore recoil energies down to the sub-keV range... We report here on the DarkSide-50 measurement of the ionization yield of electronic recoils down to $\sim$180~eV$_{er}$, exploiting $^{37}$Ar and $^{39}$Ar decays, and extrapolated to a few ionization electrons with the Thomas-Imel box model. Moreover, we present a model-dependent determination of the ionization response to nuclear recoils down to $\sim$500~eV$_{nr}$, the lowest ever achieved in liquid argon, using \textit{in situ} neutron calibration sources and external datasets from neutron beam experiments. read more

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Instrumentation and Detectors Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics High Energy Physics - Experiment