Complete polarization control for a nanofiber waveguide using directional coupling

11 Apr 2019  ·  Lei Fuchuan, Tkachenko Georgiy, Ward Jonathan M., Chormaic Síle Nic ·

Optical nanofiber waveguides are widely used for near-field delivery and measurement of light. Despite their versatility and efficiency, nanofibers have a critical drawback - their inability to maintain light's polarization state on propagation... Here, we design a directional coupler consisting of two crossed nanofibers to probe the polarization state at the waist region. Directionality of coupling occurs due to asymmetric dipolar emission or spin-locking when the evanescent field pattern breaks the mirror symmetry of the crossed-nanofiber system. We demonstrate that, by monitoring the outputs from the directional coupler, two non-orthogonal polarization states can be prepared at the nanofiber waist with a fidelity higher than 99%. Based on these states, we devise a simple and reliable method for complete control of the polarization along a nanofiber waveguide. read more

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