Crystalline Nodal Topological Superconductivity and Bogolyubov Fermi Surfaces in Monolayer NbSe$_2$

12 May 2020  ·  Shaffer Daniel, Kang Jian, Burnell F. J., Fernandes Rafael M. ·

We present a microscopic calculation of the phase diagram of the Ising superconductor NbSe$_{2}$ in presence of both in-plane magnetic field and Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Repulsive interactions lead to two distinct instabilities, in singlet- and triplet- interaction channels... While we recover the previously predicted nodal topological superconducting state in the absence of Rashba SOC at large magnetic field with six pairs of nodes along \(\Gamma\)-\(M\) lines, a finite Rashba SOC breaks the symmetry that protects these nodes and therefore generally lifts them, resulting in a topologically trivial phase. There is an exception when the field is applied along one of the three $\Gamma$-$K$ lines, however. In that case, a single mirror symmetry remains that can protect two pairs of nodes out of the original six, resulting in a \emph{crystalline} topological superconducting phase. Depending on the Cooper pairs' center-of-mass momentum, this superconducting state displays either Bogolyubov Fermi surfaces or point nodes. Moreover, a chiral topological superconducting phase with Chern number of 6 is realized in the regime of large Rashba SOC and dominant triplet interactions, spontaneously breaking time-reversal symmetry. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons Superconductivity