Deconfinement Transition at High Isospin Chemical Potential and Low Temperature

18 Jun 2015  ·  Cohen Thomas D., Sen Srimoyee ·

We consider QCD with two degenerate flavors of light quarks(up and down) at asymptotically high isospin chemical potential with zero baryon chemical potential and calculate for the first time a quantitative expression for the critical temperature of the deconfinement transition in this regime. At high isospin chemical potential and sufficiently low temperatures this theory becomes equivalent to a pure Yang-Mills theory and accordingly has a first order deconfinement phase transition. Although this was conjectured in a seminal paper by Son and Stephanov in the year 2001, the critical temperature of this deconfinement phase transition was not computed. This paper computes the energy scale associated with this transition as a function of the isospin chemical potential by relating the parameters of the equivalent Yang-Mills theory to those of the underlying theory. We also relate the equation of state in one strongly interacting regime of QCD namely at finite isospin density to that in pure Yang-Mills, with the latter being amenable to straightforward numerical calculation. Our results for the critical temperature of deconfinement transition can be compared with future lattice calculations.

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology High Energy Physics - Theory Nuclear Theory