e$^{+}$/e$^{-}$ Discrimination in Liquid Scintillator and Its Usage to Suppress $^{8}$He/$^{9}$Li Backgrounds

14 Sep 2016  ·  Cheng Ya-Ping, Wen Liang-Jian, Zhang Peng, Cao Xing-Zhong ·

Reactor neutrino experiments build large-scale detector systems to detect neutrinos. In liquid scintillator, a neutral bound state of a positron and an electron, named positronium, can be formed... The spin triplet state is called ortho-positronium (o-Ps). In this article, an experiment is designed to measure the lifetime of o-Ps, giving a result of 3.1 ns. A PSD parameter based on photon emission time distribution (PETD) was constructed to discriminate e$^+$/e$^-$. Finally, the application of e$^+$/e$^-$ discrimination in the JUNO experiment is shown. It helps suppress $^{8}$He/$^{9}$Li backgrounds and improves the sensitivity by 0.6 in $\chi^2$ analysis with an assumption of $\sigma$=1 ns PMT Transit Time Spread, which will bring a smearing effect to the PETD. read more

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Instrumentation and Detectors High Energy Physics - Experiment