Effective self-similar expansion for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation

28 Mar 2018  ·  Modugno Michele, Pagnini Gianni, Basagoiti Manuel Angel Valle ·

We consider an effective scaling approach for the free expansion of a one-dimensional quantum wave packet, consisting in a self-similar evolution to be satisfied on average, i.e. by integrating over the coordinates. A direct comparison with the solution of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation shows that the effective scaling reproduces with great accuracy the exact evolution - the actual wave function is reproduced with a fidelity close to unity - for arbitrary values of the interactions. This result represents a proof-of-concept of the effectiveness of the scaling ansatz, which has been used in different forms in the literature but never compared with the exact evolution.

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Quantum Gases