Enhanced energy storage density by reversible domain switching in acceptor doped ferroelectrics

12 Aug 2020  ·  Wang Zhiyang, Xue Deqing, Xue Dezhen, Zhou Yumei, Ding Xiangdong, Sun Jun ·

Typical ferroelectrics possess a large spontaneous polarization Ps but simultaneously a large remnant polarization Pr as well, resulting in an inferior energy storage density.A mechanism that can reduce the Pr while maintain the Ps is demanded to enhance the energy storage property of ferroelectrics.In the present study, it is shown that after acceptor doping and aging treatment, the domain switching in ferroelectrics becomes reversible, giving rise to a pinched double hysteresis loop. The pinched loop with a large Ps and a small Pr thus results in an enhanced energy storage density... The physics behind is a defect induced internal field that provides a restoring force for the domains to switch back.The idea is demonstrated through a time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau simulation as well as experimental measurements in BaTiO$_3$ based single crystal and ceramics. The mechanism is general and can be applied to various ferroelectrics, especially the environment-friendly ones. read more

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Materials Science