Equilibrium and stability of two-dimensional pinned drops

22 Aug 2019  ·  Otero José Graña, Fabián Ignacio E. Parra ·

Superhydrophobicity relies on the stability of drops's interfaces pinned on sharp edges to sustain non-wetting (Cassie-Baxter) equilibrium states. Gibbs already pointed out that equilibrium is possible as long as the pinning angle at the edge falls between the equilibrium contact angles corresponding to the flanks of the edge... However, the lack of stability can restrict further the realizable equilibrium configurations. To find these limits we analyze here the equilibrium and stability of two-dimensional drops bounded by interfaces pinned on mathematically sharp edges. We are specifically interested on how the drop's stability depends on its size, which is measured with the Bond number $Bo = (\mathcal{W}_d/\ell_c)^2$, defined as the ratio of the drop's characteristic length scale $\mathcal{W}_d$ to the capillary length $\ell_c = \sqrt{\sigma/\rho g}$. Drops with a fixed volume become more stable as they shrink in size. On the contrary, open drops, i.e. capable of exchanging mass with a reservoir, are less stable as their associated Bond number decreases. read more

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Fluid Dynamics Soft Condensed Matter