Experimental analysis of a multistage water desalination system utilizing an evacuated parabolic solar trough with a solar tracker

18 Dec 2017  ·  Davani Abbasali, Kashfi Mehdi, Mozafary Vahid ·

The paper describes the experimental investigations of the performance of a multi-stage water desalination still connected to a solar parabolic trough (solar energy concentrator) with focal pipe and simple heat exchanger (serpentine). The receiver length is 2 m and has a diameter of 6 mm... A diluted solution of water-antifreeze is selected as working fluid. This solution is flowing as cycle through the focal pipe and serpentine. The solution in the heat exchanger is heated during the sunlight by means of solar energy concentrator (solar parabolic trough). The parabolic trough is tracking the sun using simple mechanism to collect the highest amount of solar radiation by optimum angle. The receiver is covered with transparent borosilicate glass to avoid the heat transfer by convection to the surrounding (i.e. the greenhouse effect is utilized) and the space between the glass and tube is evacuated. Aluminum serpentine of the heat exchanger is installed in the bottom of the still. It is attached extremely with thermally insulated pipelines through the trough. The fluid is forced flow using small pump which is powered by PV system. The multi-stage solar still water desalination system was designed to recover latent heat from evaporation and condensation processes in 2 stages. The results of tests demonstrate that the system produces about 3.6 kg of fresh water for only 5 hours from 10:00 to 15:30.the The system components were fabricated and the overall system was assembled in International Center for Science & High Technology & Environmental Science, Mahan, Iran. read more

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Applied Physics