Extremely slow non-equilibrium monopole dynamics in classical spin ice

29 Jan 2020  ·  Stöter T., Doerr M., Granovsky S., Rotter M., Goennenwein S. T. B., Zherlitsyn S., Petrenko O. A., Balakrishnan G., Zhou H. D., Wosnitza J. ·

We report on the non-equilibrium monopole dynamics in the classical spin ice Dy$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ detected by means of high-resolution magnetostriction measurements. Significant lattice changes occur at the transition from the kagome-ice to the saturated-ice phase, visible in the longitudinal and transverse magnetostriction... A hysteresis opening at temperatures below 0.6 K suggests a first-order transition between the kagome and saturated state. Extremely slow lattice relaxations, triggered by changes of the magnetic field, were observed. These lattice-relaxation effects result from non-equilibrium monopole formation or annihilation processes. The relaxation times extracted from our experiment are in good agreement with theoretical predictions with decay constants of the order of $10{^4}$ s at 0.3 K. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons