Finite-sized rigid spheres in turbulent Taylor-Couette flow

19 Apr 2018  ·  Bakhuis Dennis, Verschoof Ruben A., Mathai Varghese, Huisman Sander G., Lohse Detlef, Sun Chao ·

We report on the modification of drag by neutrally buoyant spherical particles in highly turbulent Taylor-Couette flow. These particles can be used to disentangle the effects of size, deformability, and volume fraction on the drag, when contrasted with the drag for bubbly flows... We find that rigid spheres hardly change the drag of the system beyond the trivial viscosity effects caused by replacing the working fluid with particles. The size of the particle has a marginal effect on the drag, with smaller diameter particles showing only slightly lower drag. Increasing the particle volume fraction shows a net drag increase as the effective viscosity of the fluid is also increased. The increase in drag for increasing particle volume fraction is corroborated by performing laser Doppler anemometry where we find that the turbulent velocity fluctuations also increase with increasing volume fraction. In contrast with rigid spheres, for bubbles the effective drag reduction also increases with increasing Reynolds number. Bubbles are also much more effective in reducing the overall drag. read more

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Fluid Dynamics