Fractionalized Spin Excitations in the Edge Ferromagnetic State of Graphene: Signature of the Ferromagnetic Luttinger Liquid

26 Jul 2020  ·  Dong Zhao-Yang, Wang Wei, Gu Zhao-Long, Yu Shun-Li, Li Jian-Xin ·

The elementary excitations from the conventional magnetic ordered states, such as ferromagnets and antiferromagnets, are magnons. Here, we elaborate a case where the well-defined magnons are absent completely and the spin excitation spectra exhibit an entire continuum in the itinerant edge ferromagnetic state of graphene arising from the flatband edge electronic states... Based on the further studies of the entanglement entropy and finite-size analysis, we show that the continuum other than the Stoner part results from the spin-1/2 spinons deconfined from magnons. The spinon continuum in a magnetically ordered state is ascribed to a ferromagnetic Luttinger liquid in this edge ferromagnet. The investigation is carried out by using the numerical exact diagonalization method with a projection of the interacting Hamiltonian onto the flat band. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons