Gr\"uneisen parameters for Lieb-Liniger and Yang-Gaudin models

19 Sep 2019  ·  Peng Li, Yu Yicong, Guan Xi-Wen ·

Using the Bethe ansatz solution, we analytically study expansionary, magnetic and interacting Gr\"uneisen parameters (GPs) for one-dimensional (1D) Lieb-Liniger and Yang-Gaudin models. These different GPs elegantly quantify the dependences of characteristic energy scales of these quantum gases on the volume, the magnetic field and the interaction strength, revealing the caloric effects resulted from the variations of these potentials... The obtained GPs further confirm an identity which is incurred by the symmetry of the thermal potential. We also present universal scaling behavior of these GPs in the vicinities of the quantum critical points driven by different potentials. The divergence of the GPs not only provides an experimental identification of non-Fermi liquid nature at quantum criticality but also elegantly determine low temperature phases of the quantum gases. Moreover, the pairing and depairing features in the 1D attractive Fermi gases can be captured by the magnetic and interacting GPs, facilitating experimental observation of quantum phase transitions. Our results open to further study the interaction- and magnetic-field-driven quantum refrigeration and quantum heat engine in quantum gases of ultracold atoms. read more

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Quantum Gases