Gravitational Pair Production and Black Hole Evaporation

29 May 2023  ·  Michael F. Wondrak, Walter D. van Suijlekom, Heino Falcke ·

We present a new avenue to black hole evaporation using a heat-kernel approach analogous as for the Schwinger effect. Applying this method to an uncharged massless scalar field in a Schwarzschild spacetime, we show that spacetime curvature takes a similar role as the electric field strength in the Schwinger effect. We interpret our results as local pair production in a gravitational field and derive a radial production profile. The resulting emission peaks near the unstable photon orbit. Comparing the particle number and energy flux to the Hawking case, we find both effects to be of similar order. However, our pair production mechanism itself does not explicitly make use of the presence of a black hole event horizon.

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena High Energy Physics - Phenomenology High Energy Physics - Theory