Hall viscosity and electromagnetic response of electrons in graphene

30 Jun 2016  ·  Sherafati Mohammad, Principi Alessandro, Vignale Giovanni ·

We derive an analytic expression for the geometric Hall viscosity of non-interacting electrons in a single graphene layer in the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field. We show that a recently-derived formula in [C. Hoyos and D. T. Son, Phys... Rev. Lett. {\bf 108}, 066805 (2012)], which connects the coefficient of $q^2$ in the wave vector expansion of the Hall conductivity $\sigma_{xy}(q)$ of the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) to the Hall viscosity and the orbital diamagnetic susceptibility of that system, continues to hold for graphene -- in spite of the lack of Galilean invariance -- with a suitable definition of the effective mass. We also show that, for a sufficiently large number of occupied Landau levels in the positive energy sector, the Hall conductivity of electrons in graphene reduces to that of a Galilean-invariant 2DEG with an effective mass given by $\hbar k_F/v_F$ (cyclotron mass). Even in the most demanding case, i.e. when the chemical potential falls between the zero-th and the first Landau level, the cyclotron mass formula gives results accurate to better than 1$\%$. The connection between the Hall conductivity and the viscosity provides a possible avenue to measure the Hall viscosity in graphene. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics