Higgs Quark Flavor Violation: Simplified Models and Status of General Two-Higgs-Doublet Model

12 Jul 2019  ·  Herrero-Garcia Juan, Nebot Miguel, Rajec Filip, White Martin, Williams Anthony G. ·

We study quark flavor violating interactions mediated by the Higgs boson $h$. We consider observables involving a third generation quark, of both the up and the down quark sectors, like $h\rightarrow bs$ and $t\rightarrow ch$... Using an effective field theory approach we systematically list all the possible tree-level ultraviolet completions, which comprise models with vector-like quarks and/or extra scalars. We provide upper bounds on the flavor violating transitions allowed by current limits stemming from low energy processes, such as meson mixing and $b \rightarrow s \gamma$. We find that scenarios with vector-like quarks always have very suppressed flavor-violating transitions, while a general two Higgs doublet model may have a sizeable rate. To study the latter case in detail, we perform a full numerical simulation taking into account all relevant theoretical and phenomenological constraints. Our results show that ${\rm BR}(t\rightarrow ch)$ [${\rm BR}(h\rightarrow bs)$] are still allowed at the subpercent [percent] level, which are being [may be] explored at the LHC [future colliders]. Finally, we have found that the mild mass-splitting discrepancy with respect to the SM in the $B_s$ meson system can be accommodated in the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model. If confirmed, it yields the prediction ${\rm BR}(h\rightarrow bs)\simeq 10^{-4}$, if the new contribution to the mass-splitting is dominated by tree-level Higgs boson exchange. read more

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology