Impurity induced scale-free localization

12 Aug 2020  ·  Li Linhu, Lee Ching Hua, Gong Jiangbin ·

This work develops a full framework for non-Hermitian impurity physics in a non-reciprocal lattice, with PBCs, OBCs and even their interpolations being special cases across a whole range of boundary impurity strengths. As the impurity strength is tuned, the localization of steady states can assume very rich behavior, including the expected non-Hermitian skin effect, Bloch-like states albeit broken translational invariance, and surprisingly, scale-free accumulation along or even against the direction of non-reciprocity... We further uncover the possibility of the co-existence of non-Hermitian skin effect and scale-free localization, where qualitative aspects of the system's spectrum can be extremely sensitive to impurity strength. We have also proposed specific circuit setups for experimental detection of the scale-free accumulation, with simulation results confirming our main findings. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Quantum Physics