Induced transparency by coupling of Tamm and defect states in tunable terahertz plasmonic crystals

10 May 2016  ·  Dyer Gregory C., Aizin Gregory R., Allen S. James, Grine Albert D., Bethke Don, Reno John L., Shaner Eric A. ·

Photonic crystals and metamaterials have emerged as two classes of tailorable materials that enable precise control of light. Plasmonic crystals, which can be thought of as photonic crystals fabricated from plasmonic materials, Bragg scatter incident electromagnetic waves from a repeated unit cell... However, plasmonic crystals, like metamaterials, are composed of subwavelength unit cells. Here, we study terahertz plasmonic crystals of several periods in a two dimensional electron gas. This plasmonic medium is both extremely subwavelength ($\approx \lambda/100$) and reconfigurable through the application of voltages to metal electrodes. Weakly localized crystal surface states known as Tamm states are observed. By introducing an independently controlled plasmonic defect that interacts with the Tamm states, we demonstrate a frequency agile electromagnetically induced transparency phenomenon. The observed 50% ${\it in-situ}$ tuning of the plasmonic crystal band edges should be realizable in materials such as graphene to actively control the plasmonic crystal dispersion in the infrared. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Optics Plasma Physics