Influence of neutron-skin thickness on $\pi^{-}/\pi^{+}$ ratio in Pb+Pb collisions

21 Jan 2015  ·  Wei Gao-Feng, Li Bao-An, Xu Jun, Chen Lie-Wen ·

Within an isospin- and momentum-dependent transport model IBUU11 using as an input nucleon density profiles from Hartree-Fock calculations based on a modified Skyrme-like (MSL) model, we study the influence of the uncertainty of the neutron skin thickness on the $\pi^{-}/\pi^{+}$ ratio in both central and peripheral Pb+Pb collisions at beam energies of 400 MeV/nucleon and 1000 MeV/nucleon. Within the current experimental uncertainty range of neutron skin in $^{208}$Pb, while the neutron skin effect on the \rpi ratio is negligible in central reactions at both energies, it increases gradually with increasing impact parameter and becomes comparable with or even larger than the symmetry energy effect in peripheral collisions especially at 400 MeV/nucleon... Moreover, we found that while the \rpi ratio is larger with a softer \esym in central collisions, above certain impact parameters depending on the size of the neutron skin, a stiffer \esym can lead to a larger \rpi ratio as most of the pions are produced at densities below the saturation density in these peripheral reactions. Thus, a clear impact parameter selection is important to extract reliable information about the \esym at suprasaturation densities (size of neutron skin) from the $\pi^-/\pi^+$ ratio in central (peripheral) heavy-ion collisions. read more

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