Intrinsic localized modes in two atomic chain; reduction of cubic anharmonicity for gap modes

30 Nov 2017  ·  Hizhnyakov Vladimir ·

Analytical theory of large size intrinsic localized modes (ILMs) in anharmonic two-atomic chain is presented. It is shown that ILMs with frequencies close to the borders of phonon gap are govern by quartic anharmonicity while the effect of cubic anharmonicity is essentially reduced. This reduction effect is a consequence of small amplitude of vibrations of every second atom. As a result, an ILM cannot split down from the optical phonon band, in contradiction with the commonly accepted point of view. But it can spit up from the top of the acoustic phonon band making possible the existence of the ILM with the frequencies above the top of this band. It is predicted that analogous reduction of cubic anharmonicity should exist generally for even ILMs with the middle atom being at rest; it may allow the existence of ILMs with the frequencies above the top of the phonon spectrum in different lattices with realistic atomic pair-potentials.

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Materials Science