Joint Reconstruction in Low Dose Multi-Energy CT

13 Feb 2020  ·  Toivanen Jussi, Meaney Alexander, Siltanen Samuli, Kolehmainen Ville ·

Multi-energy CT takes advantage of the non-linearly varying attenuation properties of elemental media with respect to energy, enabling more precise material identification than single-energy CT. The increased precision comes with the cost of a higher radiation dose... A straightforward way to lower the dose is to reduce the number of projections per energy, but this makes tomographic reconstruction more ill-posed. In this paper, we propose how this problem can be overcome with a combination of a regularization method that promotes structural similarity between images at different energies and a suitably selected low-dose data acquisition protocol using non-overlapping projections. The performance of various joint regularization models is assessed with both simulated and experimental data, using the novel low-dose data acquisition protocol. Three of the models are well-established, namely the joint total variation, the linear parallel level sets and the spectral smoothness promoting regularization models. Furthermore, one new joint regularization model is introduced for multi-energy CT: a regularization based on the structure function from the structural similarity index. The findings show that joint regularization outperforms individual channel-by-channel reconstruction. Furthermore, the proposed combination of joint reconstruction and non-overlapping projection geometry enables significant reduction of radiation dose. read more

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Medical Physics Computational Physics