Large eddy simulation/probability density function simulations of the Cambridge turbulent stratified flame series under swirling conditions

1 Dec 2020  ·  Hasret Turkeri, Xinyu Zhao, Metin Muradgolu ·

The LES/PDF methodology is applied to the Cambridge/Sandia turbulent stratified flame series under swirling conditions. The methane/air chemistry is represented by a 16-species reduced ARM1 mechanism, and the in situ adaptive tabulation method is adopted to accelerate the chemistry calculation. Effects of differential diffusion and heat loss through the bluffbody surface are taken into account. The simulations are conducted for premixed (SwB3), moderately and highly stratified (SwB7 and SwB11, respectively) cases under swirling conditions. The results from LES/PDF simulations are compared with experimental measurements. The computed mean and r.m.s. profiles of velocity, temperature, equivalence ratio and mass fractions of species are in very good agreement with the measurements for all three conditions. Scatter plots and conditional means of species mole fractions and temperature are compared with the experimental data, where overall good consistency with the measurements is achieved. The recirculation zones are five times longer than those obtained under non-swirling conditions. A low-equivalence-ratio high-temperature region near the bluffbody is not captured in the computation, which is attributed to the insuffcient entrainment of downstream mixtures into the recirculation zone. The parametric studies show that the differential diffusion has a negligible effect on the mean and r.m.s. results, whereas the heat loss has a considerable effect on the temperature and CO profiles close to the bluffbody.

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Fluid Dynamics