Leading-order QED radiative corrections to timelike Compton scattering on the proton

17 Dec 2020  ·  Matthias Heller, Niklas Keil, Marc Vanderhaeghen ·

We evaluate the leading-order QED radiative corrections to the timelike Compton scattering (TCS) process $\gamma p \to l^- l^+ p$. We study these corrections in two energy regimes using different models for the TCS amplitude... In the low-energy regime we calculate the contribution due to the proton and its lowest-energy excitation, the $\Delta(1232)$ resonance. In the high-energy near-forward kinematical regime we calculate the TCS amplitude in a handbag approach in terms of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs). On the level of cross sections we find the QED radiative corrections to be in the $5 -10\%$ range in the low-energy regime and around $20\%$ in the high-energy regime. We show that in both the di-lepton forward-backward asymmetry as well as in the photon beam helicity asymmetry these corrections nearly cancel out, making them gold-plated observables to extract the real and imaginary parts of the TCS amplitude. We demonstrate in particular the sensitivity of these asymmetries on GPD parameterizations for a recent CLAS12@JLab TCS experiment. read more

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Nuclear Theory