Luminescence quenching via deep defect states: A recombination pathway via oxygen vacancies in Ce-doped YAG

13 Aug 2020  ·  Linderälv Christopher, Åberg Daniel, Erhart Paul ·

Luminescence quenching via non-radiative recombination channels limits the efficiency of optical materials such as phosphors and scintillators and therefore has implications for conversion efficiency and device lifetimes. In materials such as Ce-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG:Ce), quenching shows a strong dependence on both temperature and activator concentration, limiting the ability to fabricate high-intensity white-light emitting diodes with high operating temperatures... Here, we reveal by means of first-principles calculations an efficient recombination mechanism in YAG:Ce that involves oxygen vacancies and gives rise to thermally activated concentration quenching. We demonstrate that the key requirements for this mechanism to be active are localized states with strong electron-phonon coupling. These conditions are commonly found for intrinsic defects such as anion vacancies in wide band-gap materials. The present findings are therefore relevant to a broad class of optical materials and shine light on thermal quenching mechanisms in general. read more

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Materials Science