Magnetic Collapse and the Behavior of Transition Metal Oxides at High Pressure

27 Jul 2016  ·  Leonov I., Pourovskii L., Georges A., Abrikosov I. A. ·

We report a detail theoretical study of the electronic structure and phase stability of transition metal oxides MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO in their paramagnetic cubic B1 structure by employing dynamical mean-field theory of correlated electrons combined with \emph{ab initio} band structure methods (DFT+DMFT). Our calculations reveal that under pressure these materials exhibit a Mott insulator-metal transition (IMT) which is accompanied by a simultaneous collapse of local magnetic moments and lattice volume, implying a complex interplay between chemical bonding and electronic correlations... Moreover, our results for the transition pressure show a monotonous decrease from ~ 145 GPa to 40 GPa, upon moving from MnO to CoO. In contrast to that, in NiO, magnetic collapse is found to occur at remarkably higher pressure of ~ 429 GPa. We provide a unified picture of such a behavior and suggest that it is primary a localized to itinerant moment behavior transition at the IMT that gives rise to magnetic collapse in transition metal oxides. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons