Moir\'e band model and band gaps of graphene on hexagonal boron nitride

19 Jun 2017  ·  Jung Jeil, Laksono Evan, DaSilva Ashley M., MacDonald Allan H., Mucha-Kruczyński Marcin, Adam Shaffique ·

Nearly aligned graphene on hexagonal boron nitride (G/BN) can be accurately modeled by a Dirac Hamiltonian perturbed by smoothly varying moir\'e pattern pseudospin fields. Here, we present the moir\'e-band model of G/BN for arbitrary small twist angles under a framework that combines symmetry considerations with input from ab-initio calculations... Our analysis of the band gaps at the primary and secondary Dirac points highlights the role of inversion symmetry breaking contributions of the moir\'e patterns, leading to primary Dirac point gaps when the moir\'e strains give rise to a finite average mass, and to secondary gaps when the moir\'e pseudospin components are mixed appropriately. The pseudomagnetic strain fields which can reach values of up to $\sim$40 Tesla near symmetry points in the moir\'e cell stem almost entirely from virtual hopping and dominate over the contributions arising from bond length distortions due to the moir\'e strains. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics