Multi-agent paradoxes beyond quantum theory

12 Apr 2019  ·  Vilasini V., Nurgalieva Nuriya, del Rio Lidia ·

Which theories lead to a contradiction between simple reasoning principles and modelling observers' memories as physical systems? Frauchiger and Renner have shown that this is the case for quantum theory, with a thought experiment that leads to a multi-agent paradox... Here we generalize the conditions of the Frauchiger-Renner result so that they can be applied to arbitrary physical theories, and in particular to those expressed as generalized probabilistic theories (GPTs). We then apply them to a particular GPT, box world, and find a deterministic contradiction in the case where agents may share a PR box, which is stronger than the quantum paradox, in that it does not rely on post-selection. Obtaining an inconsistency for the framework of GPTs broadens the landscape of theories which are affected by the application of classical rules of reasoning to physical agents. In addition, we model how observers' memories may evolve in box world, in a way consistent with Barrett's criteria for allowed operations. read more

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Quantum Physics