Multi-level Quantum Noise Spectroscopy

5 Mar 2020  ·  Youngkyu Sung, Antti Vepsäläinen, Jochen Braumüller, Fei Yan, Joel I-Jan Wang, Morten Kjaergaard, Roni Winik, Philip Krantz, Andreas Bengtsson, Alexander J. Melville, Bethany M. Niedzielski, Mollie E. Schwartz, David K. Kim, Jonilyn L. Yoder, Terry P. Orlando, Simon Gustavsson, William D. Oliver ·

System noise identification is crucial to the engineering of robust quantum systems. Although existing quantum noise spectroscopy (QNS) protocols measure an aggregate amount of noise affecting a quantum system, they generally cannot distinguish between the underlying processes that contribute to it. Here, we propose and experimentally validate a spin-locking-based QNS protocol that exploits the multi-level energy structure of a superconducting qubit to achieve two notable advances. First, our protocol extends the spectral range of weakly anharmonic qubit spectrometers beyond the present limitations set by their lack of strong anharmonicity. Second, the additional information gained from probing the higher-excited levels enables us to identify and distinguish contributions from different underlying noise mechanisms.

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Quantum Physics