Multi-terminal far-from-equilibrium thermoelectric nano-devices in the Kondo regime

23 Aug 2019  ·  Eckern Ulrich, Wysokiński Karol I. ·

The quest for good thermoelectric materials and/or high-efficiency thermoelectric devices is of primary importance from theoretical and practical points of view. Low-dimensional structures with quantum dots or molecules are promising candidates to achieve the goal... Interactions between electrons, far-from-equilibrium conditions and strongly non-linear transport are important factors affecting the usefulness of the devices. This paper analyses the thermoelectric power of a two-terminal quantum dot under large thermal $\Delta T$ and voltage $V$ biases as well as the performance of the three-terminal system as a heat engine. To properly characterise the non-linear effects under these conditions, two different Seebeck coefficients are introduced, generalizing the linear response expression. The direct calculations of thermally induced electric and heat currents show, in agreement with recent work, that the efficiency of the thermoelectric heat engine as measured by the delivered power is maximal far from equilibrium. Moreover, the strong Coulomb interactions between electrons on the quantum dot are found to diminish the efficiency at maximum power and the maximal value of the delivered power, both in the Kondo regime and outside of it. read more

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics