Narrow inhomogeneous distribution of spin-active emitters in silicon carbide

10 Mar 2021  ·  Roland Nagy, Durga Bhaktavatsala Rao Dasari, Charles Babin, Di Liu, Vadim Vorobyov, Matthias Niethammer, Matthias Widmann, Tobias Linkewitz, Rainer Stöhr, Heiko B. Weber, Takeshi Ohshima, Misagh Ghezellou, Nguyen Tien Son, Jawad Ul-Hassan, Florian Kaiser, Jörg Wrachtrup ·

Optically active solid-state spin registers have demonstrated their unique potential in quantum computing, communication and sensing. Realizing scalability and increasing application complexity requires entangling multiple individual systems, e.g. via photon interference in an optical network... However, most solid-state emitters show relatively broad spectral distributions, which hinders optical interference experiments. Here, we demonstrate that silicon vacancy centres in semiconductor silicon carbide (SiC) provide a remarkably small natural distribution of their optical absorption/emission lines despite an elevated defect concentration of $\approx 0.43\,\rm \mu m^{-3}$. In particular, without any external tuning mechanism, we show that only 13 defects have to be investigated until at least two optical lines overlap within the lifetime-limited linewidth. Moreover, we identify emitters with overlapping emission profiles within diffraction limited excitation spots, for which we introduce simplified schemes for generation of computationally-relevant Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) and cluster states. Our results underline the potential of the CMOS-compatible SiC platform toward realizing networked quantum technology applications. read more

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Quantum Physics Optics