Nature of the magnetic moment of cobalt in ordered FeCo alloy

18 Oct 2020  ·  Gerasimov Arsenii, Nordström Lars, Khmelevskyi Sergii, Mazurenko Vladimir V., Kvashnin Yaroslav O. ·

The magnets are typically classified into Stoner and Heisenberg type, depending on the itinerant or localized nature of the constituent magnetic moments. In this work, we investigate theoretically the behaviour of the magnetic moments of iron and cobalt in their B2-ordered alloy. The results based on local spin density approximation (LSDA) for the density functional theory (DFT) suggest that the Co magnetic moment strongly depends on the directions of the surrounding magnetic moments, which usually indicates the Stoner-type mechanism of magnetism. This is consistent with the disordered local moment (DLM) picture of the paramagnetic state, where the magnetic moment of cobalt gets substantially suppressed. We argue that this is due to the lack of strong on-site electron correlations, which we take into account by employing a combination of DFT and dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT). Within LDA+DMFT, we find a substantial quasiparticle mass renormalization and a non Fermi-liquid behaviour of Fe-$3d$ orbitals. The resulting spectral functions are in very good agreement with measured spin-resolved photoemission spectra. Our results suggest that local correlations play an essential role in stabilizing a robust local moment on Co in the absence of magnetic order at high temperatures.

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Materials Science Strongly Correlated Electrons