## Non-Hermitian quantum systems and their geometric phases

25 Oct 2018  ·  Zhang Qi, Wu Biao ·

We discuss the basic theoretical framework for non-Hermitian quantum systems with particular emphasis on the diagonalizability of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians and their $GL(1,\mathbb{C})$ gauge freedom, which are relevant to the adiabatic evolution of non-Hermitian quantum systems. We find that the adiabatic evolution is possible only when the eigen-energies are real... The accompanying geometric phase is found to be generally complex and associated with not only the phase of a wavefunction but also its amplitude. The condition for the real geometric phase is laid out. Our results are illustrated with two examples of non-Hermitian $\mathcal{PT}$ symmetric systems, the two-dimensional non-Hermitian Dirac fermion model and bosonic Bogoliubov quasi-particles. read more

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Quantum Physics