One-Shot Operational Quantum Resource Theory

10 Jul 2019  ·  Liu Zi-Wen, Bu Kaifeng, Takagi Ryuji ·

A fundamental approach for the characterization and quantification of all kinds of resources is to study the conversion between different resource objects under certain constraints. Here we analyze, from a resource-non-specific standpoint, the optimal efficiency of resource formation and distillation tasks with only a single copy of the given quantum state, thereby establishing a unified framework of one-shot quantum resource manipulation... We find general bounds on the optimal rates characterized by resource measures based on the smooth max/min-relative entropies and hypothesis testing relative entropy, as well as the free robustness measure, providing them with general operational meanings in terms of optimal state conversion. Our results encompass a wide class of resource theories via the theory-dependent coefficients we introduce, and the discussions are solidified by important examples, such as entanglement, coherence, superposition, magic states, asymmetry, and thermal non-equilibrium. read more

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Quantum Physics