Orbital and spin order in oxide two-dimensional electron gases

11 Aug 2016  ·  Tolsma John R., Polini Marco, MacDonald Allan H. ·

We describe a variational theory of multi-band two-dimensional electron gases that captures the interplay between electrostatic confining potentials, orbital-dependent interlayer electronic hopping and electron-electron interactions, and apply it to the d-band two-dimensional electron gases that form near perovskite oxide surfaces and heterojunctions. These multi-band two-dimensional electron gases are prone to the formation of Coulomb-interaction-driven orbitally-ordered nematic ground-states... We find that as the electron density is lowered and interaction effects strengthen, spontaneous orbital order occurs first, followed by spin order. We compare our results with known properties of single-component two-dimensional electron gas systems and comment on closely related physics in semiconductor quantum wells and van der Waals heterostructures. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons