Out-of-time-ordered correlator in non-Hermitian quantum systems

20 Sep 2019  ·  Zhai Liang-Jun, Yin Shuai ·

We study the behavior of the out-of-time-ordered correlator (OTOC) in a non-Hermitian quantum Ising system. We show that the OTOC can diagnose not only the ground state exceptional point, which hosts the Yang-Lee edge singularity, but also the \textit{dynamical} exceptional point at the excited state... We find that the evolution of the OTOC in the parity-time symmetric phase can be divided into two stages: in the short-time stage, the OTOC oscillates periodically, and when the parameter is near the ground state exceptional point, this oscillation behavior can be described by both the scaling theory of the $(0+1)$D Yang-Lee edge singularity and the scaling theory of the $(1+1)$D quantum Ising model; while in the long-time stage the OTOC increases exponentially, controlled by the dynamical exceptional point. Possible experimental realizations are then discussed. read more

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Statistical Mechanics Quantum Physics