Pair hopping in systems of strongly interacting hard-core bosons

26 Sep 2019  ·  Heng Alvin J. R., Guo Wenan, Sandvik Anders W., Sengupta Pinaki ·

We have used the Stochastic Series Expansion quantum Monte Carlo method to study interacting hard-core bosons on the square lattice, with pair-hopping processes supplementing the standard single-particle hopping. Such pair hopping arises in effective models for frustrated quantum magnets... Our goal is to investigate the effects of the pair hopping process on the commonly observed superfluid, insulating (Mott), and super-solid ground-state phases in the standard hard-core boson model with various interaction terms. The model is specifically motivated by the observation of finite dispersion of 2-magnon bound states in neutron diffraction experiments SrCu$_2$(BO$_3$)$_2$. Our results show that the pair hopping has different effects on Mott phases at different filling fractions, "melting" them at different critical pair-hopping amplitudes. Thus, it appears that pair hopping may have an important role in determining which out of a potentially large number of Mott phases (stabilized by details of the charge-diagonal interaction terms) actually survive the totality of quantum fluctuations present. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons