Phase diagram for the O(n) model with defects of "random local field" type and verity of the Imry-Ma theorem

10 Oct 2016 Berzin A. A. Morosov A. I. Sigov A. S.

It is shown that the Imry-Ma theorem stating that in space dimensions d<4 the introduction of an arbitrarily small concentration of defects of the "random local field" type in a system with continuous symmetry of the n-component vector order parameter (O(n)model) leads to the long-range order collapse and to the occurrence of a disordered state, is not true if the anisotropic distribution of the defect-induced random local field directions in the n-dimensional space of the order parameter leads to the defect-induced effective anisotropy of the "easy axis" type. For a weakly anisotropic field distribution, in space dimensions 2<d<4 there exists some critical defect concentration, above which the inhomogeneous Imry-Ma state can exist as an equilibrium one... (read more)

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