Photonic glass for high contrast structural color

28 Feb 2018  ·  Shang Guoliang, Maiwald Lukas, Renner Hagen, Jalas Dirk, Dosta Maksym, Heinrich Stefan, Petrov Alexander Yu., Eich Manfred ·

Non-iridescent structural colors based on disordered arrangement of monodisperse spherical particles, also called photonic glass, show low color saturation due to gradual transition in reflectivity. No significant improvement is usually expected from particles optimization, as the Mie resonances are broad for small dielectric particles with moderate refractive index... Moreover, the short range order of a photonic glass alone is also insufficient to cause sharp spectral features. We show here, that the combination of a well-chosen particle geometry with the short range order of a photonic glass has strong synergetic effects. We demonstrate how core-shell particles can be used to obtain a sharp transition in the reflection spectrum of photonic glass which is essential to achieve a strong color saturation. The Fourier transform required for a highly saturated color can be achieved by shifting the first zero position of the motif Fourier transform to smaller wave numbers in respect to the peak of the lattice Fourier transform. We show that this can be obtained by choosing a non-monotonous refractive index distribution from the center of the particle through the shell and into the background material. The first-order theoretical predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations. read more

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Optics