Pomeron, nucleon-resonance, and $(0^+,0^-,1^+)$-meson contributions in $\phi$-meson photoproduction

31 Dec 2019  ·  Kim Sang-Ho, Nam Seung-il ·

We investigate the reaction mechanism of the $\phi$-meson photoproduction off the proton target, i.e., $\gamma p\to\phi p$, up to $\sqrt{s}=2.8$ GeV. For this purpose, we employ an effective Lagrangian approach in the tree-level Born approximation, and we employ various experimental and theoretical inputs... As a theoretical setup, the vectorlike Pomeron ($C=+1$) is taken into account as a parameterized two-gluon exchange contribution. We also consider $f_1(1285)$ axial-vector-meson, ($\pi,\eta$) pseudoscalar-meson, and ($a_0,f_0$) scalar-meson exchanges in the $t$ channel, in addition to the experimentally confirmed nucleon resonances, such as $N^*(2000,5/2^+)$ and $N^*(2300,1/2^+)$, for the direct $\phi$-meson radiations in the $s$ and $u$ channels. We provide numerical results for the total and differential cross sections as well as the spin-density matrices in the Gottfried-Jackson, Adair, and helicity frames. We observe that, together with the universally accepted pomeron contribution, the considered meson and nucleon-resonance contributions play significant roles in reproducing the experimental data for the forward and backward $\phi$-meson scattering-angle regions, respectively, indicating the nontrivial interferences between mesonic and baryonic contributions. read more

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