QED and relativistic nuclear recoil corrections to the 413 nm tune-out wavelength for the $2\,^3S_1$ state of helium

25 Mar 2019  ·  Zhang Yong-Hui, Wu Fang-Fei, Zhang Pei-Pei, Tang Li-Yan, Zhang Jun-Yi, Baldwin K. G. H., Shi Ting-Yun ·

Comparison of high accuracy calculations with precision measurement of the 413 nm tune-out wavelength of the He($2\,^3S_1$) state provides a unique test of quantum electro-dynamic (QED). We perform large-scale relativistic-configuration-interaction (RCI) calculations of the tune-out wavelength, that include the mass-shift operator, and fully account for leading relativistic nuclear recoil terms in the Dirac-Coulomb-Breit (DCB) Hamiltonian... We obtain the QED correction to the tune-out wavelength using perturbation theory, and the effect of finite nuclear size is also evaluated. The resulting tune-out wavelengths for the $2\,^3S_1(M_J=0)$ and $2\,^3S_1(M_J=\pm 1)$ states are 413.084 26(4) nm and 413.090 15(4) nm, respectively. Compared with the only current experimental value of 413.0938(9stat)(20syst) nm for the $2\,^3S_1(M_J=\pm 1)$ state, there is 1.8$\sigma$ discrepancy between present theoretical work and experiment, which stimulates further theoretical and higher-precision experimental investigations on the 413 nm tune-out wavelength. In addition, we also determine the QED correction for the static dipole polarizability of the He($2\,^3S_1$) state to be 22.5 ppm, which may enable a new test of QED in the future. read more

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Atomic Physics