Quantum phase transitions and ground-state correlations in BCS-like models

20 Feb 2015  ·  Adamski Mariusz, Jędrzejewski Janusz, Krokhmalskii Taras ·

We study ground-state correlation functions in one- and two-dimensional lattice models of interacting spinful fermions - BCS-like models, which exhibit continuous quantum phase transitions. The considered models originate from a two-dimensional model of d-wave superconductivity proposed by Sachdev... Due to the exact diagonalizability of the considered models in any dimensionality, exact phase diagrams, with several kinds of quantum-critical points, are constructed and closed-form analytic expressions for two-point correlation functions are obtained. In one- and two-dimensional cases we provide analytic expressions for the asymptotic behavior of those correlation functions at large distances and in neighborhoods of quantum-critical points. The novelty of our results is that in two-dimensions explicit expressions for direction-dependent correlation lengths in terms of model parameters and the values of direction-dependent universal critical indices $\nu$, that characterize the divergence of correlation lengths on approaching critical points, are determined. Moreover, specific scaling properties of correlation functions with respect to parameters of underlying Hamiltonians are revealed. Besides enriching the knowledge of properties of lattice fermion systems exhibiting continuous quantum phase transitions, especially in two dimensions, our results open new possibilities of testing unconventional methods of studying quantum phase transitions, as the promising fidelity approach or the entanglement approach, beyond one-dimension and beyond the realm of paradigmatic XY and Ising chains in transverse magnetic fields. read more

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Statistical Mechanics