Quantum transport and observation of Dyakonov-Perel spin-orbit scattering in monolayer MoS$_2$

21 Jul 2015  ·  Schmidt H., Yudhistira I., Chu L., Neto A. H. Castro, Oezyilmaz B., Adam S., Eda G. ·

Monolayers of group 6 transition metal dichalcogenides are promising candidates for future spin-, valley-, and charge-based applications. Quantum transport in these materials reflects a complex interplay between real spin and pseudo-spin (valley) relaxation processes, which leads to either positive or negative quantum correction to the classical conductivity. Here we report experimental observation of a crossover from weak localization to weak anti-localization in highly n-doped monolayer MoS2. We show that the crossover can be explained by a single parameter associated with electron spin lifetime of the system. We find that the spin lifetime is inversely proportional to momentum relaxation time, indicating that spin relaxation occurs via Dyakonov-Perel mechanism.

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Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics