Scaling and data collapse from local moments in frustrated disordered quantum spin systems

22 Oct 2018  ·  Kimchi Itamar, Sheckelton John P., McQueen Tyrel M., Lee Patrick A. ·

Recently measurements on various spin-1/2 quantum magnets such as H$_3$LiIr$_2$O$_6$, LiZn$_2$Mo$_3$O$_8$, ZnCu$_3$(OH)$_6$Cl$_2$ and 1T-TaS$_2$ -- all described by magnetic frustration and quenched disorder but with no other common relation -- nevertheless showed apparently universal scaling features at low temperature. In particular the heat capacity C[H,T] in temperature T and magnetic field H exhibits T/H data collapse reminiscent of scaling near a critical point... Here we propose a theory for this scaling collapse based on an emergent random-singlet regime extended to include spin-orbit coupling and antisymmetric Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions. We derive the scaling $C[H,T]/T \sim H^{-\gamma} F_q[T/H]$ with $F_q[x] = x^{q}$ at small $x$, with $q \in$ (0,1,2) an integer exponent whose value depends on spatial symmetries. The agreement with experiments indicates that a fraction of spins form random valence bonds and that these are surrounded by a quantum paramagnetic phase. We also discuss distinct scaling for magnetization with a $q$-dependent subdominant term enforced by Maxwell's relations. read more

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Strongly Correlated Electrons Disordered Systems and Neural Networks