Search for axion-like dark matter using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance

4 Jan 2021  ·  Deniz Aybas, Janos Adam, Emmy Blumenthal, Alexander V. Gramolin, Dorian Johnson, Annalies Kleyheeg, Samer Afach, John W. Blanchard, Gary P. Centers, Antoine Garcon, Martin Engler, Nataniel L. Figueroa, Marina Gil Sendra, Arne Wickenbrock, Matthew Lawson, Tao Wang, Teng Wu, Haosu Luo, Hamdi Mani, Philip Mauskopf, Peter W. Graham, Surjeet Rajendran, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Dmitry Budker, Alexander O. Sushkov ·

We report the results of an experimental search for ultralight axion-like dark matter in the mass range 162 neV to 166 neV. The detection scheme of our Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr) is based on a precision measurement of $^{207}$Pb solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance in a polarized ferroelectric crystal... Axion-like dark matter can exert an oscillating torque on $^{207}$Pb nuclear spins via the electric-dipole moment coupling $g_d$, or via the gradient coupling $g_{\text{aNN}}$. We calibrated the detector and characterized the excitation spectrum and relaxation parameters of the nuclear spin ensemble with pulsed magnetic resonance measurements in a 4.4 T magnetic field. We swept the magnetic field near this value and searched for axion-like dark matter with Compton frequency within a 1 MHz band centered at 39.65 MHz. Our measurements place the upper bounds $|g_d|<9.5\times10^{-4}\,\text{GeV}^{-2}$ and $|g_{\text{aNN}}|<2.8\times10^{-1}\,\text{GeV}^{-1}$ (95% confidence level) in this frequency range. The constraint on $g_d$ corresponds to an upper bound of $1.0\times 10^{-21}\,\text{e}\cdot\text{cm}$ on the amplitude of oscillations of the neutron electric dipole moment, and $4.3\times 10^{-6}$ on the amplitude of oscillations of CP-violating $\theta$ parameter of quantum chromodynamics. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance to search for axion-like dark matter in the nano-electronvolt mass range. read more

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High Energy Physics - Experiment Other Condensed Matter Instrumentation and Detectors