Short- and long-time diffusion, and dynamic scaling in suspensions of charged colloidal particles

27 Nov 2017  ·  Banchio Adolfo J., Heinen Marco, Holmqvist Peter, Nägele Gerhard ·

We report on a comprehensive theory-simulation-experimental study of collective and self-diffusion in suspensions of charge-stabilized colloidal spheres. In simulation and theory, the spheres interact by a hard-core plus screened Coulomb pair potential... Intermediate and self-intermediate scattering functions are calculated by accelerated Stokesian Dynamics simulations where hydrodynamic interactions (HIs) are fully accounted for. The study spans the range from the short-time to the colloidal long-time regime. Additionally, Brownian Dynamics simulation and mode-coupling theory (MCT) results are generated where HIs are neglected. It is shown that HIs enhance collective and self-diffusion at intermediate and long times, whereas at short times self-diffusion, and for certain wavenumbers also collective diffusion, are slowed down. MCT significantly overestimate the slowing influence of dynamic particle caging. The simulated scattering functions are in decent agreement with our dynamic light scattering (DLS) results for suspensions of charged silica spheres. Simulation and theoretical results are indicative of a long-time exponential decay of the intermediate scattering function. The approximate validity of a far-reaching time-wavenumber factorization of the scattering function is shown to be a consequence of HIs. Our study of collective diffusion is amended by simulation and theoretical results for the self-intermediate scattering function and the particle mean squared displacement (MSD). Since self-diffusion is not assessed in DLS measurements, a method to deduce the MSD approximately in DLS is theoretically validated. read more

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Soft Condensed Matter