Spacetime Singularities vs. Topologies of Zeeman-G\"obel Class

18 Jun 2018  ·  Papadopoulos Kyriakos, Papadopoulos Basil K. ·

In this article we first observe that the Path topology of Hawking, King and MacCarthy is an analogue, in curved spacetimes, of a topology that was suggested by Zeeman as an alternative topology to his so-called Fine topology in Minkowski spacetime. We then review a result of a recent paper on spaces of paths and the Path topology, and see that there are at least five more topologies in the class $\mathfrak{Z}-\mathfrak{G}$ of Zeeman-G\"obel topologies which admit a countable basis, incorporate the causal and conformal structures, but the Limit Curve Theorem fails to hold... The "problem" that L.C.T. does not hold can be resolved by "adding back" the light-cones in the basic-open sets of these topologies, and create new basic open sets for new topologies. But, the main question is: do we really need the L.C.T. to hold, and why? Why is the manifold topology, under which the group of homeomorphisms of a spacetime is vast and of no physical significance (Zeeman), more preferable from an appropriate topology in the class $\mathfrak{Z}-\mathfrak{G}$ under which a homeomorphism is an isometry (G\"obel)? Since topological conditions that come as a result of a causality requirement are key in the existence of singularities in general relativity, the global topological conditions that one will supply the spacetime manifold might play an important role in describing the transition from the quantum non-local theory to a classical local theory. read more

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Mathematical Physics Mathematical Physics