Spin-wave directional anisotropies in antiferromagnetic Ba$_{3}$NbFe$_{3}$Si$_{2}$O$_{14}$

19 Oct 2019  ·  Stock C., Johnson R. D., Giles-Donovan N., Songvilay M., Rodriguez-Rivera J. A., Lee N., Xu X., Radaelli P. G., Chapon L. C., Bombardi A., Cochran S., Niedermayer Ch., Schneidewind A., Husges Z., Lu Z., Meng S., Cheong S. -W. ·

Ba$_{3}$NbFe$_{3}$Si$_{2}$O$_{14}$ (langasite) is structurally and magnetically single domain chiral with the magnetic helicity induced through competing symmetric exchange interactions. Using neutron scattering, we show that the spin-waves in antiferromagnetic langasite display directional anisotropy... On applying a time reversal symmetry breaking magnetic field along the $c$-axis, the spin wave energies differ when the sign is reversed for either the momentum transfer $\pm$ $\vec{Q}$ or applied magnetic field $\pm$ $\mu_{0}$H. When the field is applied within the crystallographic $ab$-plane, the spin wave dispersion is directionally \textit{isotropic} and symmetric in $\pm$ $\mu_{0}$H. However, a directional anisotropy is observed in the spin wave intensity. We discuss this directional anisotropy in the dispersion in langasite in terms of a field induced precession of the dynamic unit cell staggered magnetization. Directional anisotropy, or often referred to as non reciprocal responses, can occur in antiferromagnetic phases in the absence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction or other effects resulting from spin-orbit coupling. read more

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Materials Science Strongly Correlated Electrons